W stronę chirurgii zarodka: Socjoprawne aspekty innowacyjnych technik wspomaganego rozrodu

Błażej Kmieciak

At the beginning of 2015, the UK permitted to use the new technology used in the procedure of the in vitro fertilization. It was tntroduced the possibility of using the three germ cells; one derived from a man and two collected from women. (two different women). These actions are associated with the chance to exchange cell nucleus, where recognizes the significant genetic abnormalities: damage to the mitochondria of the cell, (mtDNA). Many researchers have pointed out that a similar opportunity reduce probability of occurrence of child’s serious illness, often leading to his death at a young age. Part of bioethicists considered, however, that these actions will lead to significant social, legal and medical harm. It was emphasized that the child will have three biological parents: one father and two mothers. Also added that these interventions in the human genome, are in effect fraudulent manipulation.
Are we dealing with the progress of medicine? Is mtDNA modifications might be termed „embryo surgery”? Will there be an embryo treatment techniques? Do we know what positive and negative consequences will result in modification of mtDNA? Perhaps it is therefore (unauthorized) experiment?

Keywords: Mitochondrion. DNA, embryo, in vitro fertilization, bioethics, human rights